Early Forecasting of the Impact of Traffic Accidents Using a Single Shot Observation

AGWN structure

Abstract

Predicting and measuring the impact of traffic collisions is crucial for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Numerous works in this field have successfully applied graph neural networks to ITS. Existing research on graph neural networks mainly relies on the graph Fourier transform, assuming neighborhood homophily. The homophily assumption, on the other hand, makes it difficult to define abrupt signals such as traffic accidents. Our research proposes an abrupt graph wavelet network (AGWN) for forecasting the durations of traffic incidents using a single shot. To begin, graph wavelet (GW) is theoretically examined in terms of linear separability in comparison to graph Fourier (GF), demonstrating its advantage in modeling abrupt graph signals. Sensitivity analysis and admissibility conditions are utilized to further study the behavior of GW in abrupt graph signals, justifying the use of zero sum function as wavelet kernel. The synthetic data results support our proposed wavelet kernel’s effectiveness in modeling a variety of abrupt signals, while real-world trials demonstrate that our method significantly outperforms baseline models in forecasting the duration of an accident impact.

Publication
SIAM International Conference on Data Mining (SDM) 2022

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